Current situation of waste paper recycling in the

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Current situation of waste paper recycling in the world

the highest waste paper recycling rates are Hong Kong, Germany, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan, China, of which the waste paper recycling rates in Hong Kong and Germany are as high as 88.2% and 71% respectively. Mexico, Taiwan, China and South Korea have the highest utilization rate of waste paper. Papermaking in Mexico absolutely depends on waste paper raw materials. It is estimated that recycling 1 ton of office waste paper can produce 0.8 tons of recycled paper, and 4 cubic meters of wood should be saved. If half of the office paper used in the world today is recycled, 75% of the demand for new paper can be met, equivalent to 8million hectares of forest protected from deforestation

United States

the United States is the world's largest producer of pulp and paperboard and a major consumer. The United States strongly advocates recycling waste paper and promotes enterprises to use waste paper to produce cardboard and packaging materials. For example, the stone container company of the United States produces cordeck corrugated plates with waste paper for the packaging and transportation of goods; The e-cubes packaging material produced by r-tech company is made of recycled waste paper. It can pack fragile items after adding fillers. Compared with foamed plastics, it is more convenient and fast in filling. It can fill goods of any shape, recyclable, biodegradable and non-toxic


Japan's paper output is second only to the United States. In recent years, the output of Japanese paper and paperboard has increased year by year. In 2001, its output was 30 tons. Sinoma science and Technology Co., Ltd. will put forward 717000 tons in response to the requirements of experts in this acceptance, which is 1.1 times that in 1990. In the 11 years from 1990 to 2001, the consumption of wood pulp in Japan remained basically unchanged, because waste paper has become the main raw material of Japan's paper industry. In 2001, waste paper accounted for 58% of the raw materials for paper and paperboard production in Japan

according to the statistics of Japan waste paper recycling promotion center, Japan's waste paper consumption in the first half of 2003 was tons, an increase of 1.7% over the same period in 2002. Among them, the consumption of paper was tons, an increase of 1.5%, while the consumption of paperboard was tons, an increase of 1.8%. From the perspective of old paper and old magazine paper, the consumption of old paper was tons, an increase of 0.9%; The consumption of old magazine paper was 208543 tons, an increase of 13.6%, which shows that the part of cultural paper using old magazine paper continues to grow. Not compared with the parts manufactured only using traditional incremental manufacturing technology, the number of used paper and old magazine paper used in paperboard decreased by 2.7% and 2.8% respectively, indicating that the consumption of these two kinds of waste paper is gradually shifting to cultural paper. In addition, the recovery rate of waste paper is 65.3% and the utilization rate is 59.6%, which is roughly the same as that in 2002


although Germany lacks fiber resources, a large number of Electro-hydraulic Servo Universal Experimental machines are imported every year to export commercial pulp and paper in the mouth of building materials, but due to large consumption and high waste paper recovery rate, a large number of waste paper are exported every year. Germany is the second largest exporter of waste paper in the world. In 2000, the output of waste paper and paperboard was 18.182 million tons and the consumption was 19.112 million tons; The recovery of waste paper is 13.57 million tons, with a recovery rate of 71%; In the same year, the net export of waste paper was 2.578 million tons, accounting for 19% of the total recovery, which is very close to the level of the United States

under the jurisdiction of EU competition regulations, the German two-way system recycling Organization (DSD) will be forced to open the bidding rules of packaging waste recycling contracts to EU countries. USD is composed of 414 packaging paper collection, classification and production operators in Germany. With the development of technology, it collects 1.5 million tons of waste paper every year, including corrugated boxes. The organization gives waste paper collectors an annual subsidy of 50million euros ($53million), which is paid by the German national green dot marking system in the annual income. The European Union has forced DSD to terminate and terminate the contract bidding work before January 2004, and required it to be open to group subscribers operating packaging waste business in other European Union countries. At present, relevant institutions are conducting research on the text of the new contract terms drawn up by DSD in order to make suggestions on the reduction of the subsidy amount given by paper packaging recyclers


Finland is rich in forest resources, accounting for more than 70% of the land area, and exports a large amount of wood pulp fiber every year. Nevertheless, since 1990, they have also begun to pay attention to waste paper recycling, which amounts to million tons per year. Finland has always attached importance to the recycling and utilization of waste paper. There are no classified garbage cans in residential areas and shopping malls in towns. Residents consciously send old newspapers, magazines, advertisements and waste cardboard to designated recycling points free of charge. Last year, Finland's per capita waste paper recycling reached 143 kg, ranking among the best in the world. In 2002, 40% of the recycled waste paper and paperboard were used to produce paperboard products. 36% is used to produce paper and 21% is used to produce all kinds of soft paper. Among the raw materials used in the production of paper and paperboard in Finland, recycled waste paper accounts for 5.6%


the consumption of waste paper in China increased from 8.1 million tons in 1995 to 16.38 million tons in 2001, doubling in five years. However, compared with some foreign countries with waste paper consumption, there is still a gap. At present, the development of waste paper recycling in China is uneven, and the coastal areas are developing rapidly. In 2001, the consumption of waste paper pulp accounted for 44% of the total paper pulp used in China. After deducting imported waste paper, the domestic waste paper recovery rate was less than 30%. The survey shows that about 1.3 million tons of waste paper produced in Shanghai every year are basically recycled, and most of them are sent to other places for the production of low-grade recycled paper. This is because the recycling quality of local waste paper is poor, which is not only good or bad, but also mixed with water, glue and garbage. Experts suggest that effective recycling channels should be established as soon as possible to collect "high-grade waste paper" such as white paper scraps, printing waste paper, document waste paper, periodicals and magazines in printing plants, office buildings and residents' homes, so as to provide a stable "food source" for large-scale production of enterprises

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